Promoting study of Mediterranean & Near Eastern Civilizations, and Beyond

Ilex Foundation

The Foundation's emphasis on the study of cultural variation is reflected in the name Ilex as a symbol. In classical Latin, Ilex means "holm oak," that is, a kind of oak that happens to be evergreen - unlike other oaks in the Mediterranean climate - and that happens to look like holly (or "holm" in older English); in scientific or "Linnaean" Latin, ilex means "holly." The plant to which ilex refers is thus a variable, but the concept of the holm oak or the holly as an evergreen is a constant. That is the symbol of Ilex.


Promoting research and publications on general and comparative literacy and social studies on the civilizations of the Mediterranean and the Near East. See all online & print publications